Formerly SuhaibWebb.com
Prayer Worship

"Ibn Rushd, Abu Hurairah and The Funeral Prayer?"

Question:

Asalamu alaykum,

I was recently looking into the issue of praying the funeral prayer in a masjid.

I looked up the various opinions of the madhahib:

1) Hanafi: not to be prayed in a masjid (Hidayah and Muwatta Imam Muhammad)
2) Maliki: can be performed in the masjid (Muwatta)
3) Shafi’i: recommended to be in a masjid (Reliance)

Ibn Rushd’s Bidayat al-mujtahid states the ikhtilaf and gives the relevant hadith on both sides (which replicates what I’ve mentioned above). With regards to the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be well pleased with him) in this matter – which is the basis for the Hanafi position – Ibn Rushd says that it is ‘not established’ (ghair thabit), unlike the narration of A’isha (may Allah be well pleased with him). The Hadith states, “Whoever prayers the funeral prayer in the Masjid has nothing.” [Meaning has no reward/or his rewards is less].

I therefore looked into this hadith, and found Shaykh Albani including Abu Hurayrah’s hadith in his al-Silsila as-sahiha (2351). This then made me surprised at Ibn Rushd’s comment. I wonder if Ibn Rushd’s opinion on Abu Hurayrah was a strictly Maliki position. Any thoughts?

The Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum al’salam wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,

Ibn Abi Zaid al-Qayrawani [the smaller Malik] wrote in his famous text:

“None of the Companions of the Messenger should be mentioned except in the best way and silence should be maintained concerning any disagreements that broke out between them. They are the people who are most worthy of being considered in the best light possible and the people whose opinions should be most respected.”

This statement of Abi Zaid expresses the belief of the people of the Sunna irregardless of legal school. The Prophet [May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him] referred to the Companions as “The best generation” and there are a number of authentic narrations that make cursing or insulting the Companions [May Allah be pleased with them] a major sin.

Therefore, Ibn Rushd‘s contention was not based on Abu Hurairah be [May Allah pleased with him], but one of the narrators of the hadith itself: Salih Muwla al-Tawamah.

Imam Ahmed said about him: “He is weak.” Ibn Abdul Barr said about this hadith, “A large number of scholars have contentions with it.” [this is based on Salih being in the chain]. Imam al-Nawawi states that the majority of the scholars answered the other side’s contention by stating that this hadith is “Weak” and “Not acceptable for proof.”

Al-Shawkani‘s conclusion: “With this in mind, this hadith is not acceptable.” See Nayl al-Autar vol. 2 pg. 494 the Maktabatul al-Thiqafa al-Diniyah print.

This would explain the reason behind Ibn Rushd’s contention and his statement. This was not due to the presence of the great companion Abu Hurairah [May Allah’s be pleased with him and all of the scholars mentioned above].

Allah knows best.

Suhaib


About the author

Suhaib Webb

Suhaib Webb is a contemporary American-Muslim educator, activist, and lecturer. His work bridges classical and contemporary Islamic thought, addressing issues of cultural, social and political relevance to Muslims in the West. After converting to Islam in 1992, Webb left his career in the music industry to pursue his passion in education. He earned a Bachelor’s in Education from the University of Central Oklahoma and received intensive private training in the Islamic Sciences under a renowned Muslim Scholar of Senegalese descent. Webb was hired as the Imam at the Islamic Society of Greater Oklahoma City, where he gave khutbas (sermons), taught religious classes, and provided counselling to families and young people; he also served as an Imam and resident scholar in communities across the U.S.

From 2004-2010, Suhaib Webb studied at the world’s preeminent Islamic institution of learning, Al-Azhar University, in the College of Shari`ah. During this time, after several years of studying the Arabic Language and the Islamic legal tradition, he also served as the head of the English Translation Department at Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah.

Outside of his studies at Al-Azhar, Suhaib Webb completed the memorization of the Quran in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. He has been granted numerous traditional teaching licenses (ijazat), adhering to centuries-old Islamic scholarly practice of ensuring the highest standards of scholarship.

Webb was named one of the 500 Most Influential Muslims in the World by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center in 2010 and his website, www.SuhaibWebb.com, was voted the best “Blog of the Year” by the 2009 Brass Crescent awards.

Suhaib Webb has lectured extensively around the world including in the Middle East, East Asia, Europe, North Africa and North America. Upon returning from his studies in Egypt, Webb lived in the Bay Area, California, where he worked with the Muslim American Society from Fall 2010 to Winter 2011. He currently serves as the Imam of the Islamic Society of Boston’s Cultural Center (ISBCC).

Add Comment

  • Assalamu alaykum

    jazakallahu khairan brother suhaib for your articles that you posted to your website. I hope that you can write more articles in the future and the hereafter. Ameen.

    Inshallah

Leave a Comment